The quality of food entering the Irkutsk Region is rather rarely described in the scientific literature, although pollution control of food raw materials and food products is carried out regularly. In the Office of Rospotrebnadzor in the Irkutsk region and its territorial departments for the last three years, sanitary-chemical indicators of 12322 food samples were analyzed. About 5 thousand different objects (food, feed, water) are analyzed annually in the Irkutsk interregional veterinary laboratory. It was found that meat and dairy products most often do not meet the established requirements. A common phenomenon is the falsification of dairy products, which is determined by the discrepancy between the fatty acid composition of the fat part of the product and the presence of plant sterols. The violations also concern the content of the protective coating (glaze) of frozen fish and seafood, acidity, humidity, porosity of bakery products, and other indicators. Nearly half of the products that do not meet regulatory requirements are found in social facilities. Excess of the content of the established standards is registered mainly by nitrates in fruits and vegetables.
About 5% of the products studied are not biologically safe. Four groups of products are distinguished by particularly high levels of microbiological contamination: meat and meat products, dairy products, confectionery, and fish. So, in 2018, the share of samples that did not meet hygienic requirements for microbiological parameters was 6.5, 6.3, 6.8, 11.6%, respectively.
Food safety currently occupies a leading role in achieving sustainable development goals. In our country, the importance of this aspect in human life is confirmed by the Strategy for Improving the Quality of Food Products in the Russian Federation until 2030, adopted by an order of the Government of the Russian Federation of June 29, 2016.
|Affiliation of speaker||Иркутский национальный исследовательский технический университет|
|Position of speaker||доцент|