Jiří Jaromír Klemeš*,a, Xuexiu Jiaa, Petar Sabev Varbanova, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwib
aSustainable Process Integration Laboratory – SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic
bProcess Systems Engineering Centre (PROSPECT), Research Institute for Sustainable Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor, Malaysia
Water scarcity issue has been a serious concern as a global issue in various regions around the world. To provide insightful information for understanding the water use of the country, and to identify the potential for optimal water management are essential to water footprints. This study investigated the internal water footprint in East Asia countries, and the virtual water footprint created by global trade. Based on the existing method, treated water, and water loss, as the water recharged to natural water supply, are considered as an offset of the water footprint. The virtual water footprint showed that fossil fuel, petrochemical industry expert (important role are playing fertilisers) and paper are the imported commodities contributing to virtual water import and export.
As water has been in many cases, namely in power generation, processing and manufacturing hot respectively chilled, it is appropriate to consider the combination with the energy and GHG footprints as well. Growing attention has to be paid to the development of water desalination.
The recent state of the art has been overviewed, some case studies demonstrated and an assessment of the future development attempted.
EU project “Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory – SPIL”, EU project No. CZ.02.1.01/ 0.0/0.0/15_003/0000456 funded by “Operational Programme Research, Development and Education”, Priority 1: Strengthening capacity for quality research and the collaboration with the UTM, Malaysia have been gratefully acknowledged.
|Position of speaker||профессор|
|Affiliation of speaker||Brno University of Technology|
|Publication||Публикация только в материалах конференции|