In recent years, one of the main trends in the energy sector, increasingly determining its new technological structure, is the desire for significantly higher standards of environmental safety. In this regard, power plants with reduced or zero greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere are becoming increasingly important. Therefore, it seems expedient to search for such options for using traditional hydrocarbon fuels that will radically reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Recently, interest in the thermal decomposition of natural gas is growing, which is associated with the possibility of using this method to produce both CO2-neutral useful energy and hydrogen, and carbon black with high added value
Acetylene is one of the few compounds whose combustion (decomposition with the release of heat) is possible in the absence of oxygen or other oxidants. Acetylene is produced by natural gas conversion or by hydrolysis of calcium carbide. The thermal decomposition of acetylene is used to produce the so-called acetylene black, which is used in various industries. The oxygen-free decomposition of acetylene is carried out in the detonation or deflagration mode, as a rule, in bombs of constant volume. In this part of the research, the processes of decomposition of mixtures of acetylene with methane, as well as argon, nitrogen, and hydrogen will be studied for the first time.
The aim of this work is to study the process of thermal decomposition of mixtures of acetylene with various gases (Ar, N2, H2) in a constant volume bomb and to study the physicochemical properties of the resulting soot.
|Affiliation of speaker||RUDN University|
|Position of speaker||Bachelor|
|Publication||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science|